Adult Foot Health
Localised foot pain between two of the toes from an enlarged nerve that can become compressed in a confined space between the ground and a strong ligament that holds the metatarsals together.
Ball of Foot Pain
From dropped metatarsal heads is a common cause of foot pain often caused by abnormal weight distribution due to over pronation, trauma, arthritis, specific footwear.
Occur when the bone or tissue at the big toe joint moves out of place forcing the big toe to bend towards the others, causing a painful lump of bone on the foot.
From your Achille’s Tendon causes inflammation and degeneration over the large tendon located in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel. Post rest heel pain is common and occupations that involve prolonged periods of standing can aggrevate the pain.
Over stress of the long band of tissue that connects the heel and the ball of the foot is a very common condition that podiatrists treat well. It is commonly seen in middle aged men and women and in the running population.
A bony growth under the heel bone as a result of strain of the muscle of the foot, usually as a result of a biomechanical imbalance (abnormalities in the way we walk). It has been noted that 10% of the population can have a heel spur but no heel pain.
Common Ankle Sprains (acute or chronic)
A sharp twist of the ankle causing a strain to the ligamentous structures (the strong connective tissue that connects one bone to another). The over stretched tissue can sometimes rupture (tear) and may pull a fragment of bone with it. It’s essential a podiatrist examines the ankle to ascertain a correct diagnosis and treatment plan to avoid chronic instability and arch pain in later life.
Diabetic (Nerve and Circulation Assessments)
Podiatrists are trained to detect any early changes in the feet. Diabetes Australia recommends that any person with diabetes should have a full neurological and vascular (doppler) assessment once a year. This has the ability to detect if you have any loss of your protective sensation and feeling in the foot and state of the art equipment can detect if there is any reduced blood supply to the feet.
Are a common injury amoung runners, commonly affecting the lower 1/3 of the shin bone. The muscle compartments of the leg are covered by a thin restrining membrane of fascia, active over worked muscles can place stress on the fascia, which pulls at its attachment to bone causing inflammation and without adequate treatment can lead to stress fractures.
This can be caused from a tear, chronic exertional compartment syndrome where too high a pressure in the muscle compartment causes symtoms or from popliteal artery entrapment causing a dull ache in the calf only during exercise.
From front of the knee pain (softening of the articular cartilage of the knee-cap and poor tracking) or knee pain from osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis podiatrists are great at assessing the mechanics of the way you walk to see if they can help relieve your knee pain.
Illio tibial band syndrome causes sharp pains on the outside of the knee and is common in runners due to the repetitive nature of the sport causing an irritation on foot strike, just proximal to the insertion of the fascial band of tissue.
Nail, Hard Skin & Wart Treatment
Hammer toes and Claw toes can often develop unwanted hard skin buildup and corns on the feet which podiatrists can help to remove this and provide splints or wedges to provide comfort and help prevent them from reoccuring.
Cosmetic Nail Surgery for Ingrown Toenails
Permanent removal of the border of the offending nail edge which is infected and deformed can permanently resolve chronically infected toenails. This is done under local anesthetic, with no stitches used and, is effective in 98% of surgeries performed.
Children's Foot Health
Foot screening assessments
Just as you get an annual dental health check its important if there are any concerns, to get your child assessed early in life before their adult foot forms.
Laxity (increased stretch) in a child’s ligaments can be a genetic predisposition and can contribute to your child’s flexible flat feet and appearance of “clumsiness ” with activity. A simple screening test can score your child and determine whether they have any connective tissue conditions.
Growth Plate Pain
Heel pain (Sever’s Disease) and Knee pain (OsGoodschlatter’s Disease) is common in active children as their growth plates are still cartilaginous. Early treatment and detection of rotational issues in the foot and leg can allow them to continue with their sport and be free from foot pain and knee pain.
Intoeing (pigeon toed)
Walking with the feet curved in instead of pointing straight ahead can be caused by; poor alignment at the hip (femoral torsion); internal rotation of the leg bone (internal tibial torsion) or in the foot itself (metatarsus adductus). It can result from a baby being in a cramped position in the womb or from tight swaddling of babies which can affect their hip joint development. It’s important to have this assessed early, to prevent symptoms later in adulthood.
Flexible Flat Feet
Keeping active feet happy can be hard with inherited flat feet as the leg and foot muscles have to work harder and fatigue to try and stabilise a flat foot. Sometimes kids don’t realise that this feeling is not normal. This can be interpreted as “laziness” or being “whingey” as they don’t want to walk any further, when really, they simply may just need a little support in their shoe to make waking and running easier.
Whether it be a habit or there be an underlying medical condition: It’s essential to have this checked.